A medical laboratory is where the tests for the clinical specimen will be taking place in order to get the important details that will help on the diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures for a patient. Clinical laboratories focus on applied science mainly on the production-like basis not like the research laboratories that focus on basic science on an academic basis.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. This article will provide you with the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – electron microscopy, histopathology, and cytopathology are the units included in this department. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology which includes the following courses:
Clinical microbiology – this course surrounds five various units of science. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. An example for this is some facilities might not have a laboratory for microbiology but will have separate labs for each unit, while some health institutions will have one laboratory intended for microbiology.
Below are a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipments for urinalysis and hermatology.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. The main task here is focused with cultures, to find out the suspected pathogens that will be further identified with several biochemical tests if found. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
The types of medical laboratories
There are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens in a lot of countries. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. Private laboratories will analyze the samples from insurance companies, clinical research sites, health clinics, and general practitioners. There are so many websites that can provide you with more information about medical laboratories, just click here for more.